The European Green Party has started its online primary election of candidates for President of the European Commission ahead of next year’s EU parliament elections – a process that could be distorted by the nature of online audiences.
In the Green primary election European citizens over the age of 16 can vote for one or two of four proposed politicians, who are then going to run as candidates for the President of the European Commission’s office in next year’s European Parliament (EP) election.
The four candidates the Greens have put forward for the primary election are José Bové from France, Monica Frassoni from Italy, Rebecca Harms and Ska Keller both from Germany.
The Greens are the first European party to put forward such a process. According to the party, it is aimed at giving EU citizens a direct say:
„We believe running the Green Primary will help reduce the gap between political institutions and the citizens. Increasing direct citizen involvement can bring European politics closer to the people.“
The flaw of online audiences
However, the unrepresentative online audience could distort the primary’s results.
According to a study, almost 50 per cent of European Internet users are younger than 35 years, a group that accounts for a much smaller percentage of the European population.
Moreover, citizens in some member states use the Internet a lot less than those in others.
The Internet is a convenient platform to reach a big audience, but the European Green Party cannot expect to get a representative result from its primary online election.
In my opinion, the European Greens’ primary can be a model for the future and open a public pan-European debate, with both regional and demographic Internet gaps hopefully closing in the future.
Revolution of the electoral process
Next year’s EP election (22-25 May) is the first one since the Lisbon Treaty, which asked for a stronger integration of European citizens as political actors.
The European Commission (EC) has recommended that the European parties decide on top candidates for the EC President, the highest executive power in the EU.
The EC’s recommendation was based on a survey that suggested that 62% of Europeans think having party candidates for Commission President and a single voting day would help increase dropping turnouts (I wrote about this earlier).
The European people’s party, the biggest party in the current EP, has yet to name a candidate. The second biggest party, the Party of European Socialists, announced last week that Martin Schulz is going to run for them.
The European Green Party’s online primary election runs till 28 January 2014.